Support
Āyaka pillar; h. 354 ×  w. 48 ×  d. 29 cm.
Text
Middle Indo-Aryan, Southern Brāhmī script. h. 105 ×  w. 55 cm .
Date
Sixth regnal year of Siri-Vīrapurisadatta, approximately between 225 and 275 CE.
Origin
Erected originally at findspot.
Provenance
Discovered between March 1926 and October 1927 at Nagarjunakonda, Site 1, on the West side of the Mahācaitya. Fragments identified at Nagarjunakonda Museum (acc. no. 283, 299) in February 2016.
Visual Documentation
Photo(s):
  • photos AL 2017
  • Photo(s) of estampage(s):
  • Est. ASI: Vogel
  • estampage Leiden N6 (two sheets)
  • Editors
    Stefan Baums, Arlo Griffiths, Ingo Strauch and Vincent Tournier.
    Publication history
    Only the last four lines of this inscription were edited by Vogel 1929–30a: 14, 17 (C1) , readings of the preceding lines being incorporated in the critical apparatus of his edition of EIAD 5. We record only variant readings by Vogel for the last four lines, as the first integral edition of this inscription, by Raghunath 2001: 76-7 (6) , is too full of involuntary errors. Our re-edition is based on the Leiden estampage sheets and autopsy of the fragments of the stone.
    (1) sidhaṁ namo bhagavato devarājasakatasa saṁmasa[]budhasa dhātuvaraparigahitasa (2) (ma) []cetiye mahārājasa virūpakhapatimahās⟨e⟩naparigahitasa °agiho(3)tāgiṭhomavājapeyāsamedhayājisa hiraṇakoṭigosatasahasahalasa(4)tasahasapadāyisa savaṭh⟨e⟩su °apatihatasaṁkapasa vāseṭhīputasa °ikhākusa (5) siricāṁtamūlasa sodarā bhagini raṁño sirivirapurisadatasa pituchā mahāsenapatisa (6) mahātalavarasa vāsiṭhīputasa pūkīyānaṁ kaṁdasirisa bhayā samaṇabamhaṇakavaṇa(7)vaṇijakadinānugahavelamikadānapaṭibhāgavochinadhārapadāyini savasadhuvāchalā (8) mahātalavari khaṁdasāgaraṁṇakamātā cāṁtisiri °apano °ubhayakula⟨sa⟩ parināmetunaṁ °atano ca (9) nivāṇasaṁpatisaṁpādake °imaṁ khaṁbhaṁ savalokahitasukhāvahathanāya ca patiṭhapitā ti (10) °ācariyānaṁ °aparamahāvinas[e]liyānaṁ suparigahitaṁ °imaṁ mahācetiyanavakaṁmaṁ (11) paṁṇagāmavathavānaṁ dīghamajhimapaṁcamātukadesakavācakānaṁ °ācariyānaṁ °ayirahaṁghāna (12) °aṁtevāsikena dīghamajhimanikāyadharena bhajaṁtānaṁdena nithapitaṁ °imaṁ navakamaṁ mahācetiyaṁ (13) khaṁbhā ca ṭhāpitā ti raṁño sirivarapurisadatasa sava 6 vāpa 6 diva 10

    (1) sidhaṁ namo bhagavato devarājasakatasa saṁmasa[]budhasa dhātuvaraparigahitasa
    (2) (ma) []cetiye mahārājasa virūpakhapatimahās⟨e⟩naparigahitasa °agiho-
    (3)tāgiṭhomavājapeyāsamedhayājisa hiraṇakoṭigosatasahasahalasa-
    (4)tasahasapadāyisa savaṭh⟨e⟩su °apatihatasaṁkapasa vāseṭhīputasa °ikhākusa
    (5) siricāṁtamūlasa sodarā bhagini raṁño sirivirapurisadatasa pituchā mahāsenapatisa
    (6) mahātalavarasa vāsiṭhīputasa pūkīyānaṁ kaṁdasirisa bhayā samaṇabamhaṇakavaṇa-
    (7)vaṇijakadinānugahavelamikadānapaṭibhāgavochinadhārapadāyini savasadhuvāchalā
    (8) mahātalavari khaṁdasāgaraṁṇakamātā cāṁtisiri °apano °ubhayakula⟨sa⟩ parināmetunaṁ °atano ca
    (9) nivāṇasaṁpatisaṁpādake °imaṁ khaṁbhaṁ savalokahitasukhāvahathanāya ca patiṭhapitā ti
    (10) °ācariyānaṁ °aparamahāvinas[e]liyānaṁ suparigahitaṁ °imaṁ mahācetiyanavakaṁmaṁ
    (11) paṁṇagāmavathavānaṁ dīghamajhimapaṁcamātukadesakavācakānaṁ °ācariyānaṁ °ayirahaṁghāna
    (12) °aṁtevāsikena dīghamajhimanikāyadharena bhajaṁtānaṁdena nithapitaṁ °imaṁ navakamaṁ mahācetiyaṁ
    (13) khaṁbhā ca ṭhāpitā ti raṁño sirivarapurisadatasa sava 6 vāpa 6 diva 10
    <ab xmlns="http://www.tei-c.org/ns/1.0">
                   <w xml:id="tok245">
                      <lb n="1"/> sidhaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok246">namo</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok247">bhagavato</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok248">devarājasakatasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok249">saṁmasa<unclear>ṁ</unclear>budhasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok250">dhātuvaraparigahitasa</w>
                   <lb n="2"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok251">
                      <supplied reason="lost">ma</supplied>
                      <unclear>hā</unclear>cetiye</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok252">mahārājasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok253">virūpakhapatimahās<supplied reason="omitted">e</supplied>naparigahitasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok254">°agiho<lb n="3" break="no"/>tāgiṭhomavājapeyāsamedhayājisa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok255">hiraṇakoṭigosatasahasahalasa<lb n="4" break="no"/>tasahasapadāyisa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok256">savaṭh<supplied reason="omitted">e</supplied>su</w>
                   
                   <w xml:id="tok257">°apatihatasaṁkapasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok258">vāseṭhīputasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok259">°ikhākusa</w>
                   <lb n="5"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok260">siricāṁtamūlasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok261">sodarā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok262">bhagini</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok263">raṁño</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok264">sirivirapurisadatasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok265">pituchā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok266">mahāsenapatisa</w>
                   <lb n="6"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok267">mahātalavarasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok268">vāsiṭhīputasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok269">pūkīyānaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok270">kaṁdasirisa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok271">bhayā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok272">samaṇabamhaṇakavaṇa<lb n="7" break="no"/>vaṇijakadinānugahavelamikadānapaṭibhāgavochinadhārapadāyini</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok273">savasadhuvāchalā</w>
                   <lb n="8"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok273bis">mahātalavari</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok274">khaṁdasāgaraṁṇakamātā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok275">cāṁtisiri</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok276">°apano</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok277">°ubhayakula<supplied reason="omitted">sa</supplied>
                   </w>
                   <w xml:id="tok278">parināmetunaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok279">°atano</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok280">ca</w>
                   <lb n="9"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok281">nivāṇasaṁpatisaṁpādake</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok282">°imaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok283">khaṁbhaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok284">savalokahitasukhāvahathanāya</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok285">ca</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok286">patiṭhapitā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok287">ti</w>
                   <lb n="10"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok288">°ācariyānaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok289">°aparamahāvinas<unclear>e</unclear>liyānaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok290">suparigahitaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok291">°imaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok292">mahācetiyanavakaṁmaṁ</w>
                   <lb n="11"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok293">paṁṇagāmavathavānaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok294">dīghamajhimapaṁcamātukadesakavācakānaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok295">°ācariyānaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok296">°ayirahaṁghāna</w>
                   <lb n="12"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok297"> °aṁtevāsikena</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok298">dīghamajhimanikāyadharena</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok299">bhajaṁtānaṁdena</w>
                   
                   <w xml:id="tok300">nithapitaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok301">°imaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok302">navakamaṁ</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok303">mahācetiyaṁ</w>
                   <lb n="13"/>
                   <w xml:id="tok304">khaṁbhā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok305">ca</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok306">ṭhāpitā</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok307">ti</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok308">raṁño</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok309">sirivarapurisadatasa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok310">sava</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok311">6</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok312">vāpa</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok313">6</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok314">diva</w>
                   <w xml:id="tok315">10</w>
                </ab>
    • (11) -desaka- -osaka- JPhV . A note in Vogel 1929–30a:17 corrects -osaka- to -desaka-, referring to C 2, l. 9.
    • (11) °ayirahaṁghāna °ayirahaṁghānaṁ JPhV .
    • (12) bhajaṁtānaṁdena Emend bhadaṁtānaṁdena.
    • (13) siriv⟨i⟩rapurisadatasa sirivirapurisadatasa JPhV .
    (1) Success! Homage to the Bhagavant, worshipped by the king(s) of the gods, the Perfect Buddha who is ensconced in the excellent relic [or: element (i.e., nirvāṇadhātu)]!
    (2-13) At the Great Shrine, Cāntisirī — uterine sister of Great King Vāsiṭṭhīputta Siri-Cāntamūla the Ikṣvāku, favored by Mahāsena who has Virūpākṣa as his lord, sacrificer of the Agnihotra, the Agniṣṭoma, the Vājapeya and the Aśvamedha, giver of tens of millions of (pieces of) gold, hundreds of thousands of cows and hundreds of thousands of plows (of land), whose will is unimpeded in all matters; paternal aunt of King Siri-Vīrapurisadatta; wife of Great General, Great Talavara Vāsiṭṭhīputta Kandasiri of the Pūkīyas; giver of an unequalled and uninterrupted stream of velāmika gifts as a favor to ascetics, brahmans, beggars, mendicants and the wretched; affectionate to all good people; Great-Talavara-wife, mother of Khandasāgaraṇṇaka — having dedicated (the merit) to her own family on both sides, established this pillar, for achieving the fortune of nirvāṇa for herself and for the sake of bringing about well‐being and happiness of all people. This construction of the Great Shrine has been received well by the Aparamahāvinaseliya teachers. This construction[, namely this] Great Shrine has been completed and the pillars established by the venerable Ānanda, preserver of the Long and Middle Divisions, pupil of the master, the noble Haṅgha, resident of the village Paṇṇa, the instructor and transmitter of the Long and Middle (Divisions) and the Five Matrices.
    (13) In the 6th year of King Siri-Vīrapurisadatta, in the 6th fortnight of the rainy season, on the 10th day.